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Sleep bruxism and its associated factors: narrative overview

Carolina FABER, Jorge FABER, Andreia Oliveira SOUZA

INTRODUCTION: Sleep bruxism (SB) is a common condition that can have important impacts on the quality of life and oral health of patients, and affects a significant portion of the global population. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to review the literature on SB regarding its forms of diagnosis and associated factors. CONCLUSION: Evidence suggests that polysomnography is the most appropriate test to establish the diagnosis of the condition. Different factors are associated with SB, and the occlusion-bruxism causal nexus, which was much advocated before, converged to a small or non-existent association. However, gastroesophageal reflux, anxiety, different psychotropic drugs and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome are associated with the problem.

Keywords: Bruxism. Sleep apnea, obstructive. Gastroesophageal reflux.

How to cite: Faber C, Faber J, Souza AO. Sleep bruxism and its associated factors: narrative overview. Clin Orthod. 2021 Aug-Sept;20(4):60-7.

Tuesday, September 21, 2021 20:44