Effects of teriparatide on bone formation in rats with experimentally induced premaxillary expansion

Yasin ÇAMILI, Sıddık MALKOÇ, Aslı TAŞLIDERE, Zehra İLERI, Ozge Celik GULER

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of systemic teriparatide on sutural bone formation after premaxillary suture expansion in rats. Material and Methods: Twenty Wistar male rats (8–10 weeks old) were randomly divided into two groups, namely, control (C, n=10) and teriparatide (T, n=10). An expansion force was applied to the maxillary incisors using helical spring for a seven-day expansion period, for both groups. On the eighth day, the rats were kept for a seven-day consolidation period, and then 60 µg/kg teriparatide (once a day) was administered to group T subcutaneously for seven days. Then, all the rats were sacrificed, and histological sections were stained with hemotoxylin-eosin for examination. Anti-osteonectin, anti-osteocalcin, anti-Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and anti-transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) were evaluated by immunohistochemical analysis in the midpalatal suture area. Results: Histologically, the newly formed bone tissue was observed to be larger in group T than in group C. The number of immunoreactive osteoblasts for osteonectin, osteocalcin and VEGF antibodies was significantly higher in group T than in group C (p = 0.0001). The TGF-β antibody showed a mild reaction in group T, but did not reach significance in comparison with group C (p ˃ 0.05). Conclusion: Systemic teriparatide application following the premaxillary expansion of the suture area may stimulate bone formation and add to the consolidation of the expansion in rats by regulating osteonectin, osteocalcin and VEGF.

Keywords: Maxillary expansion. Teriparatide. TGF-β. Osteonectin. Osteocalcin.

How to cite: Çamili Y, Malkoç S, Taşlıdere A, İleri Z, Guler OC. Effects of teriparatide on bone formation in rats with experimentally induced premaxillary expansion. Dental Press J Orthod. 2022;27(3):e2220370.

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