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Evaluation of two stereophotogrametry software for 3D reconstruction of virtual facial models

Lorena Basilio CHAVES, Taliane Lima BARBOSA, Caroline Pelagio Maués CASAGRANDE, David Silveira ALENCAR, Jonas CAPELLI JR, Felipe de Assis Ribeiro CARVALHO

Objective: The present study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of 3D facial soft tissue virtual models produced by two photogrammetry softwares (AgiSoft Photoscan and 3DF Zephyr Free), when compared to those created by cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). Methods: Ten patients were submitted to two sequences of photographs performed with a DSLR camera (with and without the aid of a ring flash) and CBCT scans. Each photo series for each patient was processed with the softwares, and at the end, five models of each patient were generated: 1) CBCT, 2) AAL (Agisoft Ambient Light), 3) AFL (Agisoft Flash Light), 4) ZAL (Zephyr Ambient Light), and 5) ZFL (Zephyr Flash Light). Color coded maps and root-meansquare (RMS) distances were used to compare the photogrammetry models to the CBCT ones. Results: One sample t-test showed significant differences between all methods versus CBCT. The worst results were seen in the ZAL group (discrepancies up to 5.17mm), while the best results were produced by AAL group (discrepancies up to 2.11mm). Conclusions: It can be concluded that this type of virtual facial models are reasonably accurate, although not perfect, and considering its lower biological and financial cost, they may play an important role in specific situations.

Keywords: Diagnostic imaging. Photogrammetry. Anatomy.

How to cite: Chaves LB, Barbosa TL, Casagrande CPM, Alencar DS, Capelli Jr J, Carvalho FAR. Evaluation of two stereophotogrametry software for 3D reconstruction of virtual facial models. Dental Press J Orthod. 2022;27(3):e2220230.

Wednesday, August 17, 2022 05:16