External root resorption evaluated by CBCT 3D models superimposition

Ana Beatriz N. Pereira, Rhita Alemida, Flavia Artese, Camila Dardengo, Cátia Quintão, Felipe Carvalho

Introduction: The literature reports the association of exter- nal root resorption (ERR) with orthodontic movement. In cases of premolars extractions, orthodontic movement of anterior teeth is usually quite expressive, which are precisely the most susceptible teeth to suffer from ERR. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the root morphology of maxillary canines and incisors in patients submitted to four premolar extraction and orthodontic retraction of the anterior teeth, by means of 3D surface models superimposition and mapping. Methods: The sample consisted of six adult patients, five female and one male, with a mean age of 23.5 ± 6.5 years, who underwent orthodontic treatment. All patients presented bimaxillary dental protrusion, with indication of maxillary and mandibular first pre-molar extractions, followed by the retraction of anterior teeth and space closure. Cone beam CT scans were performed before the beginning of the treatment (T0 ) and right after space closure (T1 ). 3D models were built at both times and superimposed to identify the root changes for the given period. Results: All average differences were close to zero and, even when evaluating the extreme values, the observed changes were always smaller than the accuracy of the CBCT. Conclusion: A mild resorption trend was observed, although it was not clinically significant, with values lower than the tomography accuracy.

Keywords: Root resorption. Orthodontic tooth movement. X-ray computed tomography.

How to cite: Pereira ABN, Almeida R, Artese F, Dardengo C, Quintão C, Carvalho F. External root resorption evaluated by CBCT 3D models superimposition. Dental Press J Orthod. 2022;27(2):e2219315.

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