Márcio Bastos de Oliveira, Jean Nunes dos Santos, Vanessa Mascarenhas Lima, Tiago Fonseca Lima da Fonte, Telma Martins de Araujo, Carlos Jorge Vogel, Emanuel Braga Rêgo
Introduction: In several conditions, outcome stability is a great challenge for Orthodontics. Previous studies have reported that relapse commonly occurs along the years after orthodontic treatment finishing. Objective: The aim of the present study was to evaluate in the longterm transversal dental arch changes of Class II division 1 patients treated with cervical headgear and fixed appliance. Methods: Plaster study casts of 20 patients treated with cervical headgear without dental extractions were 3D-scanned and evaluated in three distinct times: initial (T1 ), immediate post-treatment (T2 ) and long-term retention (T3 - minimum 20 years). Transversal teeth distance of maxillary and mandibular canines, premolars and first molars were measured. Results: A statistically significant increase during treatment was observed for all maxillary teeth transversal distances (p < 0.05). In turn, a significant reduction was observed in the long term (p < 0.05). For the mandibular teeth, canine transversal distance presented statistically significant constriction in the retention period (p < 0.05). Mandibular first molars distance was significantly expanded by treatment (p <0.05) and remained stable in the long term. The changes observed for the other teeth or other times were considered not statistically relevant. Conclusions: For the accessed sample, transversal changes occurred during treatment and retention phases in Class II division 1 patients treated with cervical headgear and fixed appliance. Relapse was considered statistically relevant, even with the institution of a retention protocol.
Keywords: Relapse. Angle Class II malocclusion. Orthodontic treatment. Stability.
How to cite: Oliveira MB, Santos JN, Lima VM, Fonte TFL, Araujo TM, Vogel CJ, Rêgo EB. Long term dental transversal stability of Class II division 1 treated with cervical headgear. Dental Press J Orthod. 2022;27(2):e2220291.
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