Ivana da Silva LEMOS, Denise Nami FUJII, Joissi Ferrari ZANIBONI, Fernanda F. de Albuquerque JASSÉ, Selly Sayuri SUZUKI, Hideo SUZUKI, Aguinaldo Silva GARCEZ SEGUNDO, Cristiane de Melo ALENCAR
Objective: The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the antimicrobial effect of five types of non-industrialized and industrialized probiotics on biofilms formed around orthodontic mini-implants. The null hypothesis tested was: there is no difference in the antimicrobial effect between the five types of probiotics tested around orthodontic mini-implants. Methods: For the experiment, 120 mini-implants were immersed for seven days in Staphylococcus aureus solution for biofilm formation, and were subsequently plated in culture medium containing probiotics. The mini-implants were divided into six different groups, according to the probiotic used: G1) Lactobacillus casei; G2) Lactobacillus brevis; G3) Lactobacillus rhamnosus; G4) Lactobacillus from fermented milk Yakult®; G5) Lactobacillus from fermented milk Batavito® and G6) without use of probiotic, as negative control. Qualitative and quantitative analyses of all groups were performed using the CFU (colony forming unit) count. Results: The study showed that groups G4 and G6 did not present antimicrobial activity, in comparison to groups G1, G2, G3, and G5 (p < 0.05), which demonstrated antimicrobial activity. Conclusion: The non-commercial probiotic bacteria, Lactobacillus casei and Lactobacillus rhamnosus, as well as commercially available fermented milk Batavito® presented promising results in the reduction of colonization of mini-implants by S. aureus. Therefore, the null hypothesis was rejected.
Keywords: Microbiology. Oral hygiene. Probiotics.
How to cite: Lemos IS, Jassé FFA, Suzuki SS, Alencar CM, Fujii DN, Zaniboni JF, Suzuki H, Garcez Segundo AS. Antimicrobial activity of probiotics against oral pathogens around orthodontic mini-implants: an in vitro study. Dental Press J Orthod. 2021;26(5):e2119350.
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