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Comparison of airway dimensions in skeletal Class I malocclusion subjects with different vertical facial patterns.

Ana Paula Flores-Blancas, Marcos J. Carruitero, Carlos Flores-Mir

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare upper airway widths among skeletal Class I malocclusion subjects with different vertical facial patterns. Methods: The sample included a total of 99 lateral cephalograms of post pubertal individuals (18.19 ± 1.76 years old). The vertical facial pattern was determined by the Vert index. The McNamara method was used to quantify upper airway widths. ANOVA test and Student’s t test for independent groups were used, when normal distribution was not supported Kruskal-Wallis test and U-Mann-Whitney test were used. A multiple linear regression analysis was also performed. Results: Statistically significant differences in several nasopharyngeal widths were found among the distinct vertical facial patterns. Subjects with brachyfacial pattern presented larger nasopharyngeal widths than subjects with mesofacial (p = 0.030) or dolichofacial (p = 0.034) patterns. The larger the Vert value, the larger the nasopharyngeal widths (R2 = 26.2%, p < 0.001). At the level of oropharynx no statistically significant differences were found. Conclusion: It was concluded that nasopharyngeal linear anteroposterior widths in Class I malocclusion brachyfacial are larger than in mesofacial and dolichofacial individuals. The Vert index only explained 25% of the total variability. No correlation was found for the oropharyngeal widths.

Keywords: Upper airway. Vertical facial pattern. McNamara analysis. Vert index.

How to cite: Flores-Blancas AP, Carruitero MJ, Flores-Mir C. Comparison of airway dimensions in skeletal Class I malocclusion subjects with different vertical facial patterns. Dental Press J Orthod. 2017 Nov-Dec;22(6):35-42. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/2177-6709.22.6.035-042.oar

Sunday, January 21, 2018 18:26